Lascaux 13 – miscellanea, still more on the Bible / © 2016/17  Franz Gnaedinger

 

Stonehenge (former ring of 56 bluestones) // etymology of Hebrew goy (Hawwa and Gaia, heavenly Jerusalem vs goy world) / Israel and Messiah (Magdalenian etymologies) / six days of creation (Göbekli Tepe and Bible) / how can Gilgamesh have been 2/3 of a god? (mythology and evolution) / Richard Dawkins, The Extended Selfish Gene  (2016) / ‘humanity's diary’ (another way of reading the Bible) / cooperative genes and viruses (language as intelligence of life) / early belief in a beyond (Neanderthals and CroMagnons) / Horon, a god from Ugarit (caleidoscope of mythology) / ancient worship of the snake (water symbol) / how the snake became evil (a guise of the devil) / water and fertility (the snake as helper of the goddess) / etymology of Shabbath (Old Hebrew *shabbat) / Israel, selah, Judaea (concise etymologies) / how long lived Methuselah? (variable time scale) / Hebrew shanah 'year' (a triple Noah) / eternal memorials  (playing with numbers) / Aron Habberit  (Ark of the Covenant) / Ark of the Covenant (lost, but not entirely) / YHVH (encoded in the 'mercy seat' on top of the ark) / 39 years 10 months (in a night of the full moon) / gathering around the 'molten sea' (on the temple mound of Jerusalem) / Sh'lomo shalom (call for peace) / heavenly Jerusalem (and a majestic river) / holy Jerusalem descending from heaven (Revelation of John) / acorn and oak tree (poetic formula of the Bible) / “strange markings” near Gihon spring (honoring AC CA Hawwa Eve ?)

 

 

 

  ---  Stonehenge  (former ring of 56 bluestones)  ---

 

Mike Parker Pearson believes that a straight part of the parallel lines of the Stonehenge causeway were a natural phenomenon caused by melt waters of the last Ice Age. Those lines would have baffled people: in one direction indicating the setting midwinter sun, in the other direction the rising midsummer sun ...

 

The original monument would have dated to around 5 000 BP and would have comprised the circular ditch, the wall inside of the ditch, and a ring of 56 bluestones along the wall. Each bluestone marked a burial pit wherein the ashes of worthy members of an aristocratic elite had been embedded.

 

Still according to Mike Parker Pearson, the iconic monument we see today was built later on, the bluestones removed from the ring and placed within the new monument.

 

Now let us have a look at the lunisolar aspect of the number 56 that may have invoked the seeming regenerative powers of moon and sun.

 

Count lunations or synodic months as follows

 

     30 29 30 29 30 29 30 ... days for 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ... lunations

 

15 and 17 lunations counted in the 30 29 30 mode yield 443 and 502 days respectively

 

     15 17 sum 32 lunations or 443 502 sum 945 days

 

     945 days for 32 lunations

 

     doubled 1,890 days for 64 lunations  (Göbekli Tepe formula)

 

     doubled 3,780 days for 128 lunations

 

     doubled 7,560 days for 256 lunations

 

7,560 days are 56 times 135 days. Count 135 days for each bluestone in the original ring of bluestones along the wall and you obtain the equivalent of 256 lunations or synodic months; mistake less than one minute per lunation, or half a day in a lifetime (same mistake as in the Göbekli Tepe formula of 63 continuous periods of 30 days being 1,890 days, equivalent of 64 lunations).

 

Moon and sun set on the western horizon and rise from the eastern horizon. The moon wanes and waxes again. The sun follows lower and lower trajectories toward midwinter, then higher and higher trajectories toward midsummer. Apparently they have regenerative powers. And those powers might have been invoked by the lunisolar aspect of the number 56 of the original ring of bluestones – may the worthy dead be reborn in the beyond ...

 

Interesting are the numbers 56 and 135 and 256 for they are composed of small factors

 

     56 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 7       135 = 3 x 3 x 3 x 5       256 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2

 

Small numbers working together form big numbers of a cosmic dimension. In a similar way we human beings, tiny under the huge heavenly vault, can achieve big things when we cooperate.

 

More on Stonehenge  stonehen.htm

 

 

 

  ---  etymology of Hebrew goy  (Hawwa and Gaia, heavenly Jerusalem vs goy world)  ---

 

Hebrew goy means nation, also non-Jewish or gentile. What is the etymology of this word?

 

part 1  (Hawwa and Gaia)

 

AC meaning earth and CA meaning sky named the Göbekli Tepe, AC CA, where earth and sky are meeting, or where they had been separated from each other in the beginning. The Egyptians mentioned a Syrian province by the name of aqa. Among the derivatives of AC CA are the Indo-European earth goddess akka (a stammered name according to Julius Pokorny, a meaningful name in the light of Magdalenian), perhaps also the Egyptian earth god Aker, and German Acker 'field' with a cognate in the English field measure acre. Then there is Hebrew Hawwa 'mother of all life' English Eve. Also Latin aqua 'water' in reference to rain implored by prayers and the smoke of sacrificial fires, and falling rain rewarding the prayers and sacrificial fires – prayers and rising smoke visualized by ascending snakes in the iconography of the Göbekli Tepe, falling rain by descending snakes, and rivers by snakes undulating horizontally. AC CA in the form of CA AC would have named Gaia, the powerful Greek earth goddess. This could also have named some people: they that live under the sky CA on earth AC, CA AC Gaia goy, and could first have been used for a people, then for the Greeks believing in Gaia, then for all

non-Jews.

 

part 2  (heavenly Jerusalem vs goy world – Bible and Shakespeare)

 

The vision of Ezekiel in the Bible (once dubbed an epileptic hallucination of a migraine patient) ends with numbers and measurements in the final chapter 48. My analysis revealed a heavenly Jerusalem composed of three astronomical cycles turning within each other: lunation or synodic month, solar year and Venus year – "their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of another wheel" (Ezekiel 1:16)  calendar.htm  (scroll down to the penultimate chapter).

 

In Ezekiel 47 we read of heavenly waters that spring from a subterranean well and become the river of life. The well is modeled on the Gihon spring at Jerusalem. "Strange markings" in a subterranean chamber near the Gihon spring can be read as a version of AC CA in the double meaning of Hawwa 'mother of all life' and aqua 'water'. Here a comment I wrote on a Bible site a couple of years ago:

 

     The four signs may read AG V’ and name the ancient fertility giver BRI GID

     in her emanation of AC CA akka AG V’ Hawwa Eve, in the context of AC CA

     aqua AG V’ agua, consecrating the spring to Hawwa ‘mother of all life’ and thus

     explain how it became the source of the majestic river of life in Ezekiel 47.

 

Ezekiel would have been a Jewish astronomer on exile in Upper Mesopotamia, dreaming of a heavenly Jerusalem that may one day descend on Earth.

 

Now for a sharp contrast. Edward de Vere alias William Shakespeare gives a parody of the Greek earth goddess Gaia in form of the kitchen-wench in The Comedy of Errors, Act 3 Scene 2, Dromio speaking

 

     No longer from head to foot than from hip to hip, she is spherical, like a globe;

     I could find out countries in her.

 

And so he does, locating Ireland in her buttocks; Scotland hard in the palm of her hand; France in her forehead; England in her chin; Spain in her breath; America, the Indies, upon her nose; while he can't locate Belgia, the Netherlands, for he did not look so low.

 

The rude political satire still conveys a vision of Gaia, nourishing her creatures, populated by nations – CA AC Gaia goy in my reading.

 

Summary: Gaia populated by goyim while a heavenly Jerusalem is waiting to descend on Earth – goy world and Jewish hope.

 

 

 

  ---  Israel and Messiah  (Magdalenian etymologies)  ---

 

Jacob leaving Beersheba, heading for Haran, sleeping in the wilderness of what is now Judaea, has a dream. He sees the Lord on top of a heavenly ladder, we may assume in an aureole of light, and the Lord addresses him, appointing him ruler of that very wilderness. Jacob is bewildered but obeys the Lord. On the next morning he piles up the stones he used for a pillow and pours oil upon the top of the small pillar (Genesis 28:10-18).

 

Israel, byname of Jacob, derives in the light of Magdalenian from AS RAA ) or AS RAA L, Jacob saw the Lord up above (upward) AS in an aureole of light RAA, and the Lord spoke to Jacob, the Lord had the say ) or L, in a longer version AS AAR RAA ) or AS AAR RAA L, up above AS the one of air AAR and light RAA has the say ) or L, shortened to Hebrew Israel 'God rules'.

 

Haran is forty kilometers south of the Göbekli Tepe where the sky god AAR RAA NOS had been worshipped, he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS (of his own), visualized by the big limestone ring that frames a male head consisting of nothing than air and light (showing the sky god ex negativo). The tops of many Göbekli Tepe pillars have cup marks that might have been filled with one or another liquid in ceremonies. Temple B can be seen as calendar of the year  goebekli.GIF  combined with the life and career of a supreme leader. Imagine the young man appointed supreme ruler standing in between the pair of larger central pillars, oil sprinkled upon his head, and oil poured into a cup mark of one of the central pillars, thus establishing a connection between the supreme ruler and the heavenly powers, above all with the sky god AAR RAA NOS who also named Haran.

 

Jacob heading for Haran might have hoped to be appointed supreme ruler, instead the Lord appoints him ruler of a wilderness. Jacob is freightened, but he obeys the Lord, and pours oil on the humble pillar he piled up from the stones he used for a pillow – the full dimension of this episode becomes clear when we compare Jacob's pillar with the proud Göbekli Tepe pillars.

 

MmOS AC CA, offspring MmOS of the Göbekli Tepe where the earth AC and sky CA are meeting, or had been separated from each other in the act of creation, may have become Aramaic Meshiha and Hebrew Mashiah 'Anointed One', English Messiah. Jacob of the byname Israel was a minor ruler, but the nation of Israel will one day see the supreme ruler MmOS AC CA Meshiha Mashiah Messiah arrive – a belief that originated in Judaea.

 

The Christians already found him in Christos 'Anointed One', offspring MmOS of an earthly AC and a heavenly CA parent.

 

 

 

  ---  six days of creation  (Göbekli Tepe and Bible)  ---

 

Temple D on the Göbekli Tepe would have been the sanctuary of creation. The larger central pillars in abstract human form represent the female triad (eastern pillar) and male triad (western pillar) and convey the story of how the world was created in six days. The three hieroglyphs on the neck of the female central pillar read )OG BIR AC CA or LOG BIR AC CA while the three elements on the neck of the male central pillar compose a bucranium (head of a bull)  gt01.GIF / ouranos.JPG / tablets.GIF

 

Day 1)  The fire giver PIR GID had the say )OG or LOG and is represented by an open mouth between a pair of pillars. PIR GID called out to her sister the fur giver BIR GID. This one took her cosmic fur BIR and scooped the primeval hill out of the primeval sea.

 

Day 2)  PIR GID called out to her sister the fertility giver BRI GID. This one formed a ring out of the primeval hill. The ring itself was the primeval earth AC and the hollow was primeval sky CA. Then she planted the seeds of life.

 

Day 3)  PIR GID lit up the moon and sun. The shining sun warmed the earth and made the seeds of life germinate.

 

Day 4)  A male face appeared in the hollow of the ring, the sky god AAR RAA NOS, he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS of his own. Moon and sun were his eyes.

 

Day 5)  GIS BAL CA MmOS broke open the ring, flattened the earth AC and freed the sky CA. The second earth and sky were symbolized by a lying  H  whose horizontal bars indicate the earth AC and sky CA while the slim vertical bar indicates the exchanges between them, especially prayers for rain and the smoke of sacrificial fires imploring rain from the sky god (snakes heading upward) and falling rain rewarding the prayers and sacrificial fires (snakes heading downward). GIS BAL CA MmOS was the gesturing GIS hot(headed) BAL heavenly CA offspring MmOS and became later on GISh.BIL.GA.MISh Gilgamesh, also BAL Baal.

 

Day 6)  AD DA MAN created rivers that flow toward AD the sea while coming from DA hills and mountains, and made them with his right hand MAN. He was the patron of early farmers digging irrigation channels. Those farmers were named for him, Adam, the meaning of being made of clay a joke, alluding to the diggers covered in clay. PIR GID and AAR RAA NOS were a couple, also BIR GID and GIS BAL CA MmOS, also BRI GID and AD DA MAN. An alter ego of BIR GID was AC CA Hebrew Hawwa 'mother of all life' English Eve.

 

The Göbekli Tepe was the religious and cultural center of a wide region with a radius of some two hundred kilometers (Klaus Schmidt). Between 9,500 and 9,000 years ago the stone pillar temples were carefully filled up with rubble and abandoned. However, the Neolithic 1 persisted and spread. We can imagine an AAR RAA NOS pillar in Haran where supreme rulers might have been appointed still in Jacob's time, a good five thousand years ago. Further AAR RAA NOS pillars east of the Göbekli Tepe region would have been overthrown, accounting for the Greek story of Ouranos and Kronos Cronus  (mythology as condensed early historiography).

 

)OG BIR AC CA or LOG BIR AC CA inspired Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1 in the Bible, although the female triad became the Lord who created the world in six days – not at once but step by step, which is the main hallmark of evolution, and a day for God can be an aeon in the human understanding of time.

 

 

 

  ---  how can Gilgamesh have been 2/3 of a god?  (mythology and evolution)  ---

 

R. Campbell Thompson, The Epic of Gilgamish, Oxford 1930

 

     For it is most remarkable that Gilgamish is described as 'two-thirds god, one-third human',

     and to the mathematically minded this is an impossibility, no matter how far back one of

     his progenitors was divine, provided that he or she mated with a full mortal.

 

AAR RAA NOS and GIS BAL CA MmOS and AD DA MAN had been gods in the Göbekli Tepe mythology. Later on, GIS BAL CA MmOS GISh.BIL.GA.MISh Gilgamesh and AD DA MAN Adam would have become demigods, heroes, together two gods but three persons

 

     god plus demigod plus demigod

     1 plus 1/2 plus 1/2 equals 2

     person plus person plus person

     1 plus 1 plus 1 equals 3

     average 2/3 of a god

 

We have to look at the impossible statement around the corner, as it were. It is a relic of a former level, a reminder of Gilgamesh – singled out in the epic – having once been part of a triad.

 

Myths were formulated in a given context (here the Göbekli Tepe), then adapted to changing situations (one of the NOS AAR RAA Noah people wandering down the Euphrates and settling in Sumer). A strange statement, as the one of Gilgamesh being 2/3 of a god, can then indicate a former level of mythology. We know the same from biological evolution. Tiny bones in the skeleton of snakes tell us that the serpent had once been a saurion, and the coccyx in humans that our animal ancestor had a tail. In the snake a recently identified gene made the coccyx multiply and lengthen the body of the animal and make it loose its legs, but not completely.

 

98 per cent of the human genome regulate the 2 per cent of the protein encoding genes, and half of the regulators are viroids and viruses. A part of what had been dismissed as 'junk DNA' might be relics of early life that make sense when seen around the corner, as in the case of Gilgamesh (for the time being a vague notion).

 

The Bible focuses on AD DA MAN Adam and BRI GID in her AC CA emanation, wherefrom Hawwa 'mother of all life' English Eve. Adam and Eve in Sumer had been farmers planting date palms. Cultivated date palms require huge amounts of water, the snake being the water symbol on the Göbekli Tepe, irrigation requiring and providing knowledge, hence the fruit from the tree of wisdom offered by the snake was a grape of dates, forbidden because the shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture changed human life profoundly and happened too fast in the opinion of the authors who wrote the Bible.

 

 

 

  ---  Richard Dawkins, The Extended Selfish Gene  (2016)  ---

 

When reading 'The Selfish Gene' by Richard Dawkins, 'new edition' from 1989, I was excited by chapter 13, 'The long reach of the genes'. Now, in the 2016 edition of his famous book, Dawkins calls this chapter the best he ever wrote. Very fine. This allows me to further ponder parallels between the genetic code ('words' of three 'letters' and their permutations) and Magdalenian (words of three phonemes and permutations), also of biological evolution and mythology (previous message). And it makes me pose my old question once again: why does Dawkins not recognize religion as extended phenotype?

 

The way he describes the selfish gene reminded me of the way the Greek gods behave in Homer. Later on I found that the Magdalenian word of the most and most varied derivatives, DhAG meaning able, good in the sense of able, accounts for Greek theos and Latin deus (well compatible in Magdalenian), for Sumerian dingir announcing a deity, and for the name of the supreme Celtic god Dagda, the good god in the sense of the able god, from emphatic DhAG DhAG able able, which goes along with the genes being our inner enablers projected outward in deities that motivate our technical progress. Gods fly from one place to another place – meanwhile we fly in airplanes. Gods communicate over long distances – meanwhile we do the same with telephone, cell phone, and skype. As Freud said: the human being is a prosthetic god (Prothesengott). In the Bible, Genesis 1:26-28, our many artificial devices are not mentioned but silently implied

 

     And God said, let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over

     the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth

     upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him;

     male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful,

     and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea,

     and over the fowl of the air, and over everything that moveth over the earth.

 

In the light of genetics: our inner enablers – genes, replicators – projected outward in deities reach beyond the body via technology. And in the light of Magdalenian: DhAG meaning able accounts for theos deus dingir and for tech- in technology – DhAG NOS )OG or DhAG NOS LOG technology, the able DhAG minded NOS have the say )OG or LOG.

 

 

 

  ---  humanity's diary’  (another way of reading the Bible)  ---

 

Carel van Schaik, evolutionary anthropologist, and Kai Michel, historian, wrote a book on the Bible as 'humanity's diary'. Agriculture changed human life dramatically, and the Bible tells in many stories how people tried to cope with numerous challenges posed by their new life. I warmly welcome the book, and can confirm that the beginning of the Bible goes back to the invention of agriculture in the region of the Göbekli Tepe, between 12,000 and 10,000 years ago. The authors take the Bible seriously, neither literally nor dismissing it in the way of Richard Dawkins.

 

However, civilization did not start with the Göbekli Tepe. Who can imagine that the marvelous paintings in the Lascaux cave had been carried out by a bunch of local artists? No, the very best painters came from a wide region, probably from various parts of the Franco-Cantabrian space that was a refuge in the last Ice Age (as revealed by mitochondrial DNA) and would have been the home of a proto-society ruled by wandering arch shamans and arch shamanesses represented by megaceroi (giant stag and hind respectively). The lying red ocher birdman in the pit of Lascaux can be seen as river map of the Guyenne  menhir6i.GIF  The five swimming stags crossing a river in a frieze of the nave are visiting shamans, while the roaring megaceros in the axial gallery is an astronomical arch shaman explaining one of the two Lascaux calendars. The composite animal seen from the ancient entrance as if through the left eye socket shows the face of a bearded man, a pair of lances growing as horns out of his front, the mottled hide of a feline, the strong body of a bull, and the swollen belly of a pregnant mare  menhir6f.JPG  This can be read as message to aspiring tribal leaders who might have been initiated in that cave: make a wise use of your weapons; be patient and then act in a decided manner as a lion; be strong as a bull; and care for your own like a mare for her foal ...

 

The glorious rotunda symbolizes midsummer and life, the niche at the rear end of the axial gallery midwinter, the axial gallery connecting them a year, and the longer way from the rotunda to the pit the career of a supreme tribal leader who, if worthy, may be reborn in the region of the Summer Triangle Deneb – Vega – Atair in the sky ...

 

The Göbekli Tepe culture of the Neolithic 1 did not emerge out of nothing, and religion played an important role for the civilizatory process already in the Paleolithic.

 

 

 

  ---  cooperative genes and viruses  (language as intelligence of life)  ---

 

Richard Dawkins 2016

 

     The Cooperative Gene would have been and equally appropriate title for this book (The Selfish Gene)

     and the book would not have changed at all.

 

Karin Moelling who had studied physics and then moved on to virology wrote a mind-boggling book: Viruses, More Friends Than Foes, World Science 2016. Viroids and viruses are everywhere, an ocean of them, they make up half the human genome, they are inventors, drivers of evolution, we would not exist without them, in all they are more beneficial than detrimental, some of them can "see" blue and green, and there are "social" viruses

 

     Typical viral behaviors can be described with molecular definitions such as complementation,

     interaction, interference, transdominance, cooperation, with the capacity to become part of the host.

     (...) They cooperate and compete – both of which are basic mechanisms of life.

 

Karin Moelling traces life back to viroids. Are these alive or not? Let me ponder this question in the light of my definition of language from 1974/75. Language is the means of getting help, support and understanding from those we depend upon in one way or another --- and every means of getting help, support and understanding may be called language, on whatever level of life it occurs ...

 

Language, in my opinion, is a basic feature of life. Working together, coordinated by language, we achieve more with the same amount of energy than if we were all on our own, or the same with less energy. We may then consider language the intelligence of life that provides the negentropy on which we thrive.

 

Genes depend on each other, on the body as their vehicle, on the mind steering the body, while body and mind depend on each other, and both on the genes as their enablers.

 

If viroids also depend on each other, and not only on their hosts but also the hosts on them, we can assume a most basic form of language also on that level, and consider them alive. Karin Moelling finds exchanges of information between the RNA of viroids, and mentions the nano world, meeting a thought of mine: life might have started from a deeper level than molecules, and the possibility of life might be woven into the fabric of matter. Karen Moelling again

 

     Miracles may be explained by sciences. But each solution opens new questions and points

     to new miracles. There will always be miracles, no matter how much knowledge we accumulate.

 

 

 

  ---  early belief in a beyond  1/2  (Neanderthals)  ---

 

Quote from an online article: “Were Neanderthals Religious? // Imagine this scene: Inside a cave in Spain, a group of people gather around the grave of a toddler. Hearths with lit fires, marked by 30 horns of animals including bison and red deer, surround the grave. A rhinoceros skull is nearby. // At a conference this fall, archaeologist Enrique Baquedano and his colleagues described this scene as a probable funeral ritual held 40,000 years ago by Neanderthals.”

 

What an amazing Neanderthal burial site, never heard of anything like that!

 

The rhino skull reminds me of the woolly rhinoceros in the pit of Lascaux  menhir6d.JPG  interpreted by Marie E.P. König as goddess of life - the goddess of giving life and taking life. The animal running away to the left side apparently injured the bull. I see the birdman as a supreme tribal leader of the Guyenne and as river map of the Guyenne  menhir6i.GIF  the bull as a supreme tribal leader of the French Alps and the Lower Rhone Valley, and the bird on a pole as a supreme tribal leader of the Pyrenées and the Cantabrian space (Northern Spain). The pit tells what happens with a supreme tribal leader when he dies. If he was a bad leader he will be dropped by the goddess: three dots behind her anus; but if he was a good leader he will be born again in a heavenly beyond: three dots behind her vulva. Michael Rappenglück sees the birdman and bull and bird on a pole as the Summer Triangle Deneb and Vega and Atair on the Milky Way. I'd say their eyes represent Deneb in Cygnus, Vega in Lyra, and Atair in Aquila. This is the region where they will be born again if they had been good leaders ... (Michel Janda, eminent Proto-Indo-European scholar and expert on the Rig Veda, found evidence for a Stone Age belief in a heavenly beyond somewhere on the Milky Way.)

 

Now for the Neanderthal burial. If the rhino skull should represent the goddess of giving life and of taking life, the child will certainly be born again in the beyond that may be indicated by the lit fires of the hearths and the thirty pairs of horns which might indicate Neanderthal constellations. I hope for an exact map of the horns. Would be exciting if we could find a correspondence with a star map!

 

 

 

  ---  early belief in a beyond  2/2  (CroMagnons)  ---

 

From the same era we have evidence for (at least hints at) elaborate religious beliefs concerning a second life in the heavenly beyond, although I must invoke my Paleo-linguistic experiment of meanwhile a dozen years.

 

The oldest element of cave art identified so far is a red ocher dot in the Altamira cave, about 41,000 years old. In my opinion it claims a second life in the beyond for a worthy soul, phonetical value SAI for life, existence, while the cave wall and ceiling represents the sky CA, together SAI CA that may have become pSAI CA Greek psychae 'soul'. Also hand impressions or negatives on cave walls would have made such a claim.

 

The earliest paintings and drawings in the Chauvet cave are 36,000 years old. On a stalactite in the rear hall appears a woman with a large pubic triangle, by her side a bull whose head covers her womb while their legs align. The woman, in my opinion, is the goddess of the Summer Triangle Deneb Vega Atair, giving birth to the bull(man), the supreme leader of the Lower Rhone Valley in the region of the Summer Triangle on the Milky Way. This goes along with the large inscription in the Brunel chamber, consisting of palm impressions in red ocher: a domino five reading PAS and an additional dot in elevated position for the sky reading CA, together PAS CA.

 

PAD names the activity of feet, the comparative form PAS means everywhere (in a plain), here, south and north of me, east and west of me, in all five places, Greek pas pan 'all, every' pente penta- 'five', and inverse SAP means everywhere (in space), here, south and north of me, east and west of me, under and above me, in all seven places, accounting for seven in many languages including Hebrew sheb, also for Greek sophia 'wisdom' and Latin sapientia 'worldly wisdom' acquired from having explored the world in all dimensions, a word present in Homo sapiens who had some contact with Neanderthals (from 3 to 6 percent of the European genome are of Neanderthals, and when there had been sexual contacts there also were cultural ones).

 

Now PAS CA means: may the supreme leader of the Lower Rhone Valley, our bull man, be born again in the sky by the goddess of the Summer Triangle, and may he roam the heavens in his next life as he roamed the land in this life – may he get everywhere PAS in the sky CA ...

 

Our modern religion may be deeply rooted in Stone Age beliefs, PAS CA having derivatives in Russian Paskha Italian Pasqua French Pâques 'Easter'.

 

 

 

  ---  Horon, a god from Ugarit  (caleidoscope of mythology)  ---

 

The Magdalenian adventure began with the reconstruction of the Göbekli Tepe lunisolar calendar (first ascribed to the astronomers of Tell Halaf) in late 2004 and the amazing lunisolar calendar of Lascaux in early 2005 that asked for a matching language. Year twelve is now completed, so I change the title of my thread: Magdalenian revival (year thirteen)   04  05  06  07  08  09  10  11  12  134  14  15  16  17

 

An early breakthrough was the Magdalenian reading of the big limestone ring on the Göbekli Tepe that shows a male head en face, ex negative  ouranos.JPG  the sky god AAR RAA NOS, he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS who named Harran or Haran forty kilometers south of the Göbekli Tepe, had worshippers in NOS AAR RAA Noah (he or they who followed the mind NOS of the one of air AAR and light RAA) and Aaron, became the Greek sky god Ouranos and the sky god Varuna of the Indus Valley, and named the Val d'Aran, Arundel, and the Val d'Hérens in the Swiss Alps - a valley being a hollow between hills or mountains filled with air and light ... It has been said that Ouranos had no sanctuary. But the god had been worshipped in nature, in natural sanctuaries of valleys he inhabited.

 

In the Göbekli Tepe region he was besought for rain, symbolized by snakes, by far the most frequent symbol on Göbekli Tepe pillars: snakes heading upward symbolizing prayers for rain and the smoke of sacrificial fires imploring rain, snakes heading downward falling rain, and snakes undulating horizontally rivers – in one case, on a more than ten thousand years old stone tablet from Jerf el-Ahmar in Northern Syria, close to the Anatolian border and the Euphrates, the undulating snake symbolizes water in a grid of irrigation channels.

 

A seal impression for Sumer shows Adam and Eve among a variety of animals including a snake in form of a stairway connecting earth (bottom line) and sky (top line), as if drinking water from a cloud. The same snake appears on another Sumerian seal impression where it flanks Adam and Eve seated under a stylized date palm. The 'apple' in Genesis was a grape of dates. Cultivated date palms require huge amounts of water. Over-intensive irrigation deposited salt in the soil, made it barren, and the snake eat dust (Genesis 3:14). Picture wide areas of whithering plantations. Abraham left Ur, returned to Haran where he came from, his birth place being worshipped in Sanli Urfa (Shanli Urfa) close to the Göbekli Tepe, then he wandered to Egypt and finally settled in Palestine, ABA BRA MAN Abram Abraham, he carries out the will of the (heavenly) father with his right arm BRA and right hand MAN, a meaning overformed in later versions of the name.

 

Now, in the book on the Bible as humanity's diary by Carel van Schaik and Kai Michel (English version: The Good Book of Human Nature, An Evolutionary Reading of the Bible, Basic Books New York 2016) I read of a god from Ugarit called Horon who assumed the guise of a snake and turned the tree of life into the tree of death – apparently another version of the Adam and Eve saga (Marjo Korpel and Johannes de Moor 2014), and one connected with AAR RAA NOS in the form of Horon.

 

Mythology resembles a caleidoscope: turn it and the same colored elements form another pattern and picture.

 

 

 

  ---  ancient worship of the snake  (water symbol)  ---

 

Why did early farmers worship the snake? I see a minor practical and major mythological reason. They were glad about snakes eating mice, keeping rodents away from the stored cereals. And they saw in the serpent a water symbol, as testified to by the many snakes on Göbekli Tepe pillars, and on further pillars in the region that belong to not yet excavated minor sanctuaries of the same kind.

 

A large serpent had been carved out of a rock bank in a half open cave in Namibia some 60,000 years ago, suggesting ceremonies of invoking rain from a divine snake that may fill the nearby river bed which was and is dry for most of the year.

 

Many people think a snake must be slimy, but their skin is dry, smooth and silky, amazingly pleasant to the touch. Why then the idea of a wet skin? Could the ancient water symbol have been fixed genetically? We saw the emergence of epigenetics (elements of the environment inherited by two subsequent generations) and witness now the discovery of paragenetics (features of the surroundings transmitted for thirty and more generations, as in the case of epigenetics via switches turning on and off specific genes). What will come next?

 

Bob Dylan, And Man Gave Names to All the Animals

 

     Man gave names to all the animals

     In the beginning, in the beginning

     Man gave names to all the animals

     In the beginning, in the beginning

 

     He saw an animal that liked to growl

     Big furry paws and he liked to howl

     Great big furry back and furry hair

     "Ah, think I'll call it a bear"

 

Big furry paws and great big furry back and furry hair naming the bear make sense, for the Magdalenian bear was the furry one, named for BIR meaning fur. Now for the end of the song

 

     He saw an animal as smooth as glass

     Slithering his way through the grass

     Saw him disappear by a tree near a lake ...

 

We make the missing rhyme in our head: lake snake. An animal as smooth as glass – also water is transparent, and a water surface can be smooth like a mirror. Slithering through the grass – evoking a brook and a river. Disappearing near a lake - mouthing into a pond or lake ... We are back in paradise, before the snake tempts Eve (note also the sexual undercurrent, male snake and penis, lake and amniotic water), before the snake became a symbol of evil and personification of the devil (and sexuality was discredited). The subtext of the final lines of the song evokes water.

 

Great poets draw from many sources, also from a deep cultural memory.

 

 

 

  ---  how the snake became evil  (a guise of the devil)  ---

 

AC CA would have been the original name of the Göbekli Tepe, remembered as the Syrian province of aqa in Egypt: where the earth AC and sky CA are meeting, or where they had been separated from each other in the beginning, personified by AC CA Hebrew Hawwa 'mother of all life' English Eve. The goddess would have been an alter ego of the fertility giver BRI GID, while the human Eve would have been a shamaness imploring rain with her helper, the snake heading upward, and another version of the human Eve was the farmer woman planting and breeding cereals in Syria and southeast Anatolia, later on cultivating date palms in Sumer. Among the derivatives of AC CA is Latin aqua 'water'.

 

AD DA MAN of the male Göbekli triad, husband of BRI GID alias AC CA Hawwa Eve, would have been the god who created rivers, rivers that flow toward AD the sea while coming from DA hills or mountains, and made them with his right hand MAN. He was the patron of the farmer Adam who dug irrigation channels for Eve.

 

Agriculture became indispensable and turned the relatively easy life of the former hunters and gatherers into hard work. Cultivated date palms require huge amounts of water. Digging and maintaining irrigation channels and water basins was labor, drudgery. Overintensive irrigation deposited salt in the soil, made the ground barren, fields whither, Abraham leave Ur, and the snake in the Bible eat dust.

 

Water is a universal symbol of life. No water no life. But also too much water can be fatal. Paradoxically most people in the Sahara die by drowning: when they sleep unknowingly in a wadi that suddenly fills with water. A severe drought followed by a heavy rain that swept away the fertile soil must have been the background of the Noah story in the Bible.

 

It has been said that irrigation triggered science in China. Why not also in Asia Minor? The tree of life in the center of the Garden of Eden may have grown a branch of human life, on it a smaller branch of knowledge, and on it a still smaller branch of the knowledge of good and evil that would later on have named the whole tree: the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Irrigation raises questions around this topic: who owns the water? regulates the distribution of this precious commodity? Punishes those who divert water on their own field, stealing it from a neighbor? even poison the water in the cistern of a rival? and what if seeming evidence points at innocent people?

 

Why was the fruit from this tree (or branch) forbidden? because we can only acquire a limited knowledge of the complex question of good and evil? human justice never perfect, even when exercised in the name of God? is the Bible accusing the hubris of human judges acting as if they were God? Anyway, the snake as former symbol of life giving water became evil, poisonous, a guise of the devil - warded off with holy water in the church.

 

El who had the say  )  or L relegated the former sky god AAR RAA NOS in the form of Horon to a minor position, comparable to AAR NAA NOS Varuna, former sky god of the Indus Valley who was relegated to the Underworld. Horon in the guise of a snake bit the tree of life and thus turned it into the tree of death, moreover he filled the air with a posionous fog, fog as a condition of water being a last reminder of the snake as former water symbol.

 

The genius of mythology and especially the Bible are the many combined layers of meaning.

 

 

 

  ---  water and fertility  (the snake as helper of the goddess)  ---

 

The snake as water symbol is found in Africa. In Asia Minor the snake also was a symbol of desire and sexuality and fertility.

 

BRI GID was the fertility giver, BIR GID the fur giver, PIR GID the fire giver. Together they became the powerful Celtic triple goddess Brigit.

 

Another version of BRI GID named the Greek love goddess

 

     BRI GID   aBRI GIDe   Aphrodite

 

An alter ego of BRI GID had been AC CA who personified the Göbekli Tepe as hill where the earth AC and sky CA are meeting, or where they had been separated from each other in the beginning. AC CA named not only Hebrew Hawwa 'mother of all life' English Eve but also the Indo-European earth goddess akka (a stammered name according to Julius Pokorny, a meaningful name in the light of Magdalenian). The human Eve was a shamaness mediating between earth AC and sky CA, imploring rain with the help of the snake heading upward, both in the service of the human Eve as farmer woman.

 

(A steatite tablet from the Göbekli Tepe, between 10,800 and 10,000 years old, shows on the left side a snake heading upward, in the middle a twig that can also be seen as vulva and line between the upper thighs of a woman, and on the right side a bird's claw evoking a digging fork. Sanliurfa Müsezi GT 02-01)

 

Water is a universal symbol of life, AC CA Latin aqua Spanigh agua. If the snake heading upward had been the helper of AC CA personified, alter ego of the fertility giver, we might expect a derivative naming the animal. According to Mallory and Adams 2006 there is only one certain Proto-Indo-European root naming a reptile, *h1ogwis 'snake'

 

     AC CA  akka Hawwa Eve

     AC CA  aqua agua

     AC CA  *h1ogwis

 

AC for an expanse of land with water was the first Magdalenian word, reconstructed a dozen years ago, followed by inverse CA for the sky. What a fountain of meaning is their combination AC CA.

 

 

 

  ---  etymology of Shabbath  (Old Hebrew *shabbat)  ---

 

Hebrew Shabbath Old Hebrew *shabbat may be a compound of SAP and PAD.

 

PAD means activity of feet. The comparative form PAS means everywhere in a plain, here, south and north of me, east and west of me, in all five places, Greek pas pan 'all, every' pente penta- 'five'. Inverse SAP means everywhere (in space), here, south and north of me, east and west of me, under and above me, in all seven places, accounting for seven in many languages including Hebrew sheb, also for Greek sophia 'wisdom' and Latin sapientia 'worldly wisdom' acquired by having explored the world in all seven places. Now SAP is present in shab- of Old Hebrew *shabbat. Where does -bat come from? PAS mentioned above is the comparative form of PAD for the activity of feet. How can PAD account for a word meaning rest? Resting is the contrary of walking around. Consider Hebrew beth 'house' and the sleeping place of an animal. You can observe cats and dogs turn around themselves before lying down. And when we slept in a meadow or a wood in one of our juvenile 'adventures' we used to trample the ground in order to make it flat, and comfortable to lie on in our sleeping bags. Leveling the ground by trampling on it, by threating it with the feet, may have been the first act in preparing a resting place, then elevating a tent or hut or house. This may explain how PAD for the activity of feet would have become bat for rest and beth for house, also German Bett English bed. Old Hebrew *shabbat would then have this meaning: I walked to the south (day one) and north (day 2) and east (day 3) and west (day 4) and down into the valley (day 5) and up the hills (day 6) and now I prepare the ground for my rest (day 7), considering what I did all week long, gaining some wisdom from my experience, and strength for my next week.

 

The six working days have a parallel in the six days of creation in the Bible, and in the three days of the female triad and three days of the male triad in the creation myth of the Göbekli Tepe, while the week of seven days goes along with the lunisolar Göbekli Tepe calendar: a month has 30 days, a year 12 months plus 5 and occasionally 6 more days (three days for the midsummer festival, two and occasionally three days for the midwinter festival), in all 365 and sometimes 366 days, while 63 continuous periods of 30 days or 135 weeks of seven days are 1,890 days and correspond to 64 lunations or synodic months; mistake less than one minute perlunation.

 

 

 

  ---  Israel, selah, Judah  (concise etymologies)  ---

 

Jacob on his way to Harran or Haran slept in the wilderness of what became Judah. In the night he saw the Lord on top of a heavenly ladder, we may assume in an aureole of light, and the Lord spoke to him (appointing him ruler of this very wilderness).

 

AS AAR RAA ) or AS AAR RAA L Israel became the byname of Jacob, then the name of the northern kingdom, and finally the name of the united kingdom: above AS the one of air AAR and light RAA has the say ) or L, accounting for Israel ‘God rules’. AAR RAA NOS had been the sky god of the Göbekli Tepe who gave his name to Harran / Haran forty kilometers south of the large hill: he of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS of his own. AAR RAA became aura, AAR RAA ) or AAR RAA L became aureole, while ) or L named El, father god of Canaan residing on the mountain of the gods. Here a possible prayer to El or one of his many divine children

 

     SAL AS

     MmOS CA

     SA LAS

 

     From the watery ground SAL of the valley

     we send our prayer upward AS

     to you, offspring MmOS of the heavens CA

     Send your blessing downward SA

     from your mountain LAS

 

The formula would have been shortened to salas and would then have become Hebrew selah, with a similar function as amen in the Church, for example at the end of Psalm 3

 

     Salvation belongeth unto the Lord:

     thy blessing is upon thy people.  Selah.

 

What is the meaning of Judaea? Let us first consider a double formula naming the supreme sky and weather god of the Bronze Age and Iron Age

 

     ShA PAD TYR AS CA

     DhAG PAD TYR AS CA

 

     ruler ShA activity of feet PAD to overcome in the double sense

     of rule and give TYR upward AS sky CA, able DhAG

 

     The ruler ShA goes ahead PAD and overcomes in the double

     sense of rule and give TYR up above AS in the sky CA

     The able one DhAG  (repetition)

 

ShA PAD TYR Jupitter Jupiter Jovis Giove, DhAG PAD TYR Dis pater, byname of Jupiter. TYR emphatic Middle Helladic Sseyr (Phaistos Disc, Derk Ohlenroth) Doric Sseus (Wilhelm Larfeld) Homeric Zeus. ShA CA  DhAG CA Jahweh, rider of clouds from Mount Seir (!) in the Negev: ruler ShA in the sky CA, able one DhAG in the sky CA. Shorten the formula again by leaving out CA for sky and you get ShA DhAG Judaea, also German Jude English Jew.

 

The united kingdom of Israel might be a compromise: named by the fertile northern kingdom and ruled by the god of the southern kingdom of Judah.

 

 

 

  ---  how long lived Methuselah?  (variable time scale)  ---

 

Genesis 5 surprises with high ages. Adam begot Seth when he was 130 years old, and lived 930 years ... Enoch begot Methuselah when he was 65 years old, and lived 365 years. Methuselah begot Lamech when he was 187 years old, and lived 969 years ...

 

Maybe the Biblical year varied?

 

AAR RAA in the name AAR RAA NOS of the sky god from the Göbekli Tepe accounts for Greek ho:ra Latin hora Italian hora French heure English hour. While English hour has a precise meaning (one hour 60 minutes, 24 hours one day) Greek ho:ra (omega, long o) is open for a bunch of meanings: period of time, season, spring, harvest, climate, year, daytime, day, hour, moment, age, youth.

 

In the Göbekli Tepe calendar a month had 30 days, a season 90 days, and a basic year 360 days.

 

Time is long when we are young, short when old. So let us consider a season of 90 days a young man's 'year', and a month of 30 days an old man's 'year'

 

     Adam begot Seth when he was 130 seasons or 11,700 days or 32 years old,

     and reached an age of 930 months or 27,900 days or 76 years

 

     Enoch begot Methuselah when he was 65 seasons or 5,860 days or 16 years old,

     and lived 365 months or 10,950 days or practically 30 years

 

     Methuselah begot Lamech when he was 187 seasons or 16,830 days or 79 years old,

     and lived 969 months or 29,070 days or 79 years

 

If -selah in the name of Methuselah refers to the hypothetical salas prayer in the polished form of selah, the son of Enoch and father of Lamech was blessed from above with a long life.

 

The modified numbers are in the range of plausibility, while the actual numbers are all composed of factors, which may symbolize fertility, like the big number of the Exodus mentioned in the Book of Numbers

 

     2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 x 5  =  600,000

 

A group of Israelites followed Moses and Aaron into the Sinai, multiplied, and became a people. The twelve factors evoke the twelve tribes of Israel.

 

 

 

  ---  Hebrew shanah 'year'  (a triple Noah)  ---

 

Without going to a library I dare propose a blind etymology of Hebrew shanah 'year' beginning with a recapitulation.

 

The sky god AAR RAA NOS of the Göbekli Tepe accounts via AAR RAA for Greek ho:ra 'period of time, season, spring, harvest, climate, year, time of day, day, hour, moment, age (period of life), youth'.

 

The supreme sky and weather god of the Bronze Age and Iron Age was called by a double formula

 

     ShA PAD TYR AS CA

     DhAG PAD TYR AS CA

 

ShA PAD TYR Jupitter Jupiter Jovis Giove, DhAG PAD TYR Dis pater. TYR Sseyr Sseus Zeus. ShA PAD Shiva, TYR CA Durga.

 

     ShA ... CA

     DhAG ... CA

 

named Jahwe, rider of clouds from Mount Seir, ruler ShA in the sky CA, able one DhAG in the sky CA, while a still shorter formula named his land

 

     ShA ...

     DhAG ...

 

Judah Judaea.

 

TYR Sseyr Sseus Zeus, grandson of AAR RAA NOS Ouranos, provided time via TYR PAS, to overcome in the double sense of rule and give TYR everywhere PAS – he overcomes everybody everywhere in weather and time that rule our lives but are also given to us so that we make the best of them. A strongly polished derivative of TYR PAS is French temps 'weather, time'.

 

Jahwe may have provided time via ShA NOS, a combination of ShA (CA DhAG CA) and (AAR RAA) NOS, we may assume various periods of time like AAR RAA (NOS) Greek ho:ra. ShA NOS may have become Hebrew shanah 'year' that would once have included a month of 30 days and a season of 90 days. 63 months or 21 seasons correspond to 64 lunations or synodic months – lunisolar formula of the Göbekli Tepe. Harran or Haran forty kilometers south of the large hill was consecrated to the moon god Sin, from GEN for the three days of the young moon.

 

Adam begot Seth when he was 130 years old. 130 seasons are 11,700 days or 32 years. Adam lived 930 years. 930 seasons are 27,900 days or 76 years. The difference of 800 years may have been added for the purpose of redundancy, also as a number of many factors implying fertility.

 

Noah mentioned at the end of Genesis 5 begot Shem, Ham, and Japheth when he was 500 years old. 500 seasons are 45,000 days or 123 years – which is only possible if there were three Noahs taken together.

 

NOS AAR RAA Noah obeyed the mind NOS of the one of air AAR and light RAA. The first Noah left the Göbekli Tepe region for the Jordan Valley and begot Shem who became the father of the Semites. The second Noah left the Göbekli Tepe region for Sumer (AAR RAA CA Uruk of the cattle enclosure protected by the god in the sky CA, Erech and the arch in the Bible) and begot Ham who became the father of the Hamites. And the third Noah left the Göbekli Tepe region for Armenia (AAR RAA MAN Araman who carries out the will of the god with his right hand MAN, AAR RAA RYT Ararat as abode of the archer RYT who became the sun archer Tir of the Armenian Bronze Age) and further to Central Asia and begot ShA PAD Japheth Greek Japetos, father of the Proto-Indo-Europeans, Japhetic having been a term for their language, a worshipper of TYR AS, the overcomer (Zeus) up above, Tiras mentioned in Genesis 10:2.

 

     "Those were the sons of Noah: and from them was the whole earth overspread" (Genesis 9:19)

 

The triple Noah's 500 years or seasons are 45,000 days which is a further number of many factors that indicate fertility

 

     2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 5 x 5 = 45,000

 

At the end of Genesis 9 we read that Noah lived 950 years. 950 seasons are 28,500 days or 78 years. This would have been the father of Shem, no longer the triple Noah.

 

 

 

  ---  everlasting memorials  (playing with numbers)  ---

 

Each of the nine patriarchs preceding Noah in Genesis 5 would have lived A seasons of 90 days plus B variable periods, in all A plus B months of 30 days. One period lasts 30 days minus 60 days times A/B. Mathematically minded readers may check on the following relations:

 

Adam lived 130 seasons plus 800 periods, in all 930 months. Four Adam periods are 81 days. If the diagonal of a cube corresponds to five weeks or 35 days, the edge measures practically one Adam period. 35 Adam periods are 24 lunations in the Göbekli Tepe definition.

 

Seth lived 105 seasons plus 807 periods, in all 912 months. If the diagonal of a 2x3 rectangle corresponds to 80 days, the rectangle measures practically 2 by 3 Seth periods.

 

Cainan lived 70 seasons plus 840 periods, in all 910 months. One Cainan period lasts 25 days. 13 Cainan periods are 325 days or 11 lunations counted in the 30 29 30 mode.

 

Enos lived 90 seasons plus 815 periods, in all 905 months. If the diagonal of a square corresponds to 33 days, the side measures practically one Enos period.

 

Mahalaleel lived 65 seasons plus 830 periods, in all 895 months. If the diagonal of a 1x3 rectangle corresponds to 80 days (diagonal of the Seth 2x3 rectangle), the rectangle measures practically 1 by 3 Mahalaleel periods.

 

Jared lived 162 seasons plus 800 periods, in all 962 months. If the circumference of a circle corresponds to eight weeks or 56 days, the diameter measures practically one Jared period.

 

Enoch lived 65 seasons plus 300 periods, in all 365 months (number of days in a regular year). One Enoch period equals 17 days. 33 Enoch periods (Enos number 33) are 561 days or 19 lunations counted in the 30 29 30 mode.

 

Methuselah lived 187 seasons plus 782 periods, in all 969 months. If the diagonal of a double square corresponds to five weeks or 35 days (diagonal of the Adam cube), the rectangle measures practically 2 by 4 Methuselah periods (360/161 for the square root of 5 - 1 1 5, 2 6 10, 1 3 5, 4 8 20, 2 4 10, 1 2 5, 3 7 15, 10 22 50, 5 11 25, 16 36 80, 8 18 40, 4 9 20 ... 72 161 360).

 

Lamech lived 182 seasons plus 595 periods, in all 777 months. If the diagonal of another 2x3 rectangle corresponds to six weeks or 42 days, the rectangle measures practically 2 by 3 Lamech periods.

 

The authors of Genesis 5 might have said: 'Let us make the memory of the patriarchs live on forever, in form of unbreakable hence eternal if only approximated geometrical relations, and/or in lunar cycles, and let us carefully render the pair of neccessary numbers (A, B) and their sum for control ...' The modified times (when a patriarch begot a son, how long he lived) are in the range of plausibility but of course not historical, instead immaterial and indestructible memorials for the patriarchs who combined the human sphere and divine sphere (what we now call rational and irrational numbers).

 

Compare the different meanings of year with the pair of different cubits in Solomon (diameter of the 'molten sea' measuring 10 cubits of 21 units, in all 210 units, while the circumference measures 30 cubits of 22 units, in all 660 units, yielding 660/210 or 22/7 for pi), and consider the vision of a heavenly Jerusalem composed of astronomical cycles (wheels turning within wheels) in Ezekiel  calendar.htm  (scroll toward the end).

 

 

 

  ---  Aron Habberit  (Ark of the Covenant)  ---

 

Aron Habberit, here given in a simplified notation, had been one of several ancient names of what we know as Ark of the Covenant, basically a gold-covered acacia chest measuring 2.5 by 1.5 by 1.5 cubits or about 131 by 79 by 79 cm, containing among other objects Aaron's rod which had turned into a snake, a bigger snake than the ones of the Egyptian magicians, in the Magdalenian reading  AAR RAA NOS  SAP BIR RYT .

 

Aaron would have been a follower of the Göbekli Tepe sky god of air AAR and light RAA with a mind NOS who had been implored for rain, while the snake of the Göbekli Tepe was a water symbol – Aaron excelled at finding water and even surpassed the Egyptian water engineers. Magdalenian SAP means everywhere (in space), here, south and north of me, east and west of me, under and above me, in all seven places, wherefrom words for seven in many languages including Hebrew sheb. BIR means fur, in the form of Hebrew beer naming a well as place where fur bags are filled with water. RYT meaning spear thrower, archer, Greek rhytaer 'archer, protector', had further derivatives in Latin radius referring to arrows flying in all directions, and in German Rad 'wheel' where the flying arrows are replaced by spokes, moreover in German Rute English rod. Together we have Aaron's rod which allowed to find water, wells, fur bag places everywhere, here, all around us, in the valley below and on the hills above.

 

BIR SAP named Beersheba as place of the seven wells, or rather as place of those who found water everywhere, home of the SAP BIR RYT apiru Hebrews – they who found everywhere SAP water, wells where the fur bags BIR can be filled, and found them with their rods RYT.

 

Aaron would have been a water engineer at Pi-Ramesse around 1200 BC, and his people workers in the field, mainly digging channels, the people of Beersheba having dug subterranean houses into their soft bedrock.

 

 

 

  ---  Ark of the Covenant  (lost, but not entirely)  ---

 

We may assume that the Ark of the Covenant as described in Exodus 25 was a later version made for a temple, in a time when the relatively small group of Israelites who had left Pi-Ramesse for the Sinai had become a people of 600,000. The ark is lost, but not entirely; we still have the numbers, and we can get a lot of information from them.

 

The basic chest measured 2.5 by 1.5 by 1.5 cubits. What is the surface of such a right parallelepiped? Practically the same as the one of a sphere whose diameter measures 2.5 cubits. An imaginary sphere evoking the medieval "Deus est sphaera" – God is present in the perfect shape of the sphere.

 

Double the numbers 2.5 and 1.5 and you have 5 and 3, in between 4, together the numbers of the Sacred Triangle 3-4-5 which is the key to the Egyptian systematic method of calculating the circle via a series of circles of the radii and diameters 5 25 125 625 3125 ... and 10 50 250 1250 6250 ... ever smaller units respectively – all ten numbers are factors of 600,000 – and their slowly rounding inscribed polygons based on the Sacred Triangle and a series of triples derived from it by means of a linear plus minus algorithm  aim.pdf

 

The second polygon of the diameter 50 units relies on the triples 3-4-5 or 15-20-25 and 7-24-25. It has twenty sides, a dozen sides measuring practically 7 units (exactly the square root of fifty) and eight sides measuring practically 9 units (exactly the square root of eighty), in all a periphery of practically 156 units. Divide the this measurement by the diameter 50 units and you get 156/50 or 78/25, implicit value of pi in the above transformation of the surface of the right parallelepiped into the one of the imaginary sphere.

 

The royal cubit of the New Kingdom of Egypt measured 52.5 centimeters, 28 fingerbreadths of 1.875 cm or 7 palms of 7.5 cm. The acacia chest was gilded on the outside and inside. Make the boards three fingerbreadths thick and the inside measures 16 by 9 by 9 palms. A square of side 16 and a circle of radius 9 have practically the same area – parallel to a famous problem in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. Make the boards a little thinner (2.8759... f) and you have the exact equation.

 

The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus encodes theorems in telling numbers (for example RMP 32 in aim.pdf). The same spirit is found in the Bible.

 

When I study the figurines from Beersheba (Jean Perrot) I can't but compare them with the legacy of Predynastic Egypt and ask whether some gifted people from the region of Beersheba contributed to the civilization of their mighty neighbor? and took their scrolls with them when they left Pi Ramesse for the Sinai? writings on a par with the Rhind Papyri?

 

 

 

  ---  YHVH  (encoded in the 'mercy seat' on top of the ark)  ---

 

Remember the double formula

 

     ShA CA TYR AS CA

     DhAG PAD TYR AS CA

 

and the abbreviation

 

     ShA ... CA

     DhAG ... CA

 

ruler ShA in the sky CA, able one DhAG in the sky CA, Jahwe, rider of clouds from Mount Sinai in the Negev. The four Magdalenian words go along with Jahwe in form of YHVH

 

     ShA -- Y

     CA -- H

     DhAG -- V

     CA -- H

 

Jewish scholars used the letters of the Hebrew alphabet as numerals, possibly long before the Maccabaeans in the second century BC

 

     Y 10   H 5   V 6   H 5

 

The Ark of the Covenant is mentioned in Exodus 25. The gold-covered acacia chest measured 2.5 by 1.5 by 1.5 cubits. On it was placed a 'mercy seat' of pure gold: a gold sheet measuring 2.5 by 1.5 cubits, on it a pair of golden cherubim facing each other and stretching their wings forward so they touch each other in the middle while covering the whole length of the mercy seat, 2.5 cubits, yielding 1.25 cubits for one pair of wings or one wing

 

     length of mercy seat 2.5 cubits

     wings of one cherub 1.25 cubits

     breadth of mercy seat 1.5 cubits

     wings of other cherub 1.25 cubits

 

     length : wing : breadth : wing = 2.5 : 1.25 : 1.5 : 1.25

 

     2.5 : 1.25 : 1.5 : 1.25 = 10 : 5 : 6 : 5 = Y : H : V : H

 

The mercy seat would have encoded or rather invited Jahwe in form of YHVH, especially pleasing the correspondence of CA for sky and wings for H, wings allowing the cherubim to fly up into the sky and mediate between us and the rider of clouds, the ruler in the sky, the able one in the sky: may he have mercy with us, may he come down on earth and take place on the mercy seat on the annual day of atonement.

 

 

 

  ---  39 years 10 months  (in a night of the full moon)  ---

 

A group of Israelites left Pi-Ramesse in the eastern Nile Delta for the Sinai and Negev. 39 years 10 months later – on the first day of the eleventh month in year forty (Deuteronomy 1:3) – Moses announces the way to the promised land.

 

Numbers in the Bible deserve being examined. Let us convert the 39 years 10 months into days and lunations using the methods reconstructed for the calculation of the lunisolar Goebekli Tepe calendar.

 

Count years and months as follows: 1,461 days for four years, 365 days for single years, and 30 days for a month. 39 years are nine times 1,461 days plus three times 365 days; add 300 days for 10 months and you have in all 14,544 days – a number of many factors indicating fertility, with an emphasis on 12

 

     2 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 101 = 14,544 = 12 x 1212

 

How many lunations or synodic months are in 14,544 days?

 

Count small numbers of lunations in the 30 29 30 mode. 15 and 17 lunations yield 443 and 502 days respectively

 

     17 15 17 15 17 or 17 32 49 64 81 lunations

 

     502 443 502 443 502 or 502 945 1447 1890 2392 days

 

Ten times 1,447 days for 49 lunations are 14,470 days for 490 lunations. Remain 74 or 30 29 15 or 30 29 30/2 days – two and a half lunations. In all we get 492.5 lunations or 14,544 days for 39 years 10 months.

 

(Exact numbers: 39y 10m are 14,544.44... rounded 14,544 days, 492.5 lunations are 14,543.81... rounded 14,544 days.)

 

The half lunation indicates a shift of the lunar phase and inspires a story.

 

A group of Israelites leaves Pi-Ramesse in a dark night of an early summer empty moon (German Leermond), guided by the metaphorical light of knowledge the water workers had acquired of the region.

 

39 years 10 months or 14,544 days or 492.5 lunations later they camp in the Negev. Come evening, under a brightly shining spring full moon, Moses announces the way to the promised land. Hereupon the covenants he and before him Aaron had made with the Lord are being renewed.

 

A white fur BIR is laid on the ground, symbolizing a beer 'well' as place where fur bags are filled with water. The leaders of the 12 tribes gather around the fur. Each one in turn pokes the ground with a rod, symbolically searching for water, the rod named for RYT (as explained earlier).

 

BIR RYT brt 'covenant' named Aaron's covenant. God will supply the Israelites with water if they obey him and carry out his heavenly will. Water is the universal symbol of life. This leads to the covenant of Moses. God will guarantee the survival of the Israelites if they abide by the laws he gave Moses on Mount Sinai.

 

So far the story. Now a more realistic version. Several groups of Israelites left Lower Egypt for the Sinai then the Negev then Jordania and finally Palestine over the course of some forty years, around 1 200 BC, when Egypt was troubled by the Sea Peoples, in a drastic symbolism encoded as plagues that befell the land (Exodus, end of 7-10).

 

 

 

  ---  gathering around the 'molten sea'  (on the temple mound of Jerusalem)  ---

 

Centuries later. We are now in the era of wise king SAL MAN Solomon, overseer of those who work in the watery ground SAL with their right hand MAN.

 

The annual day of atonement was made to coincide with a spring full moon. YHVH descends from heaven, guided by cherubim, and takes place on the mercy seat of pure gold on the gold-covered Ark of the Covenant in the veiled Holy of Holies in the temple of Jerusalem.

 

People arrive from all over the land, atone in the temple, are blessed by priests, walk in a procession down to the Gihon spring, fill a variety of smaller and larger vessels with water, carry them up in another procession to the 'molten sea' on the temple mound, south of the temple, and empty their vessels into the basin, commemorating the wells of Aaron and Moses in the Sinai and Negev.

 

A couple of numbers before the story goes on (hidden gems in the treasure of Solomonic wisdom).

 

The molten sea was a stone basin partly clad in hammered brass sheet, diameter 10 cubits and circumference 30 cubits, 5 cubits deep, capacity 2,000 baths.

 

Replace the single cubit by a pair of cubits of nearly the same lengths, a 'black' and 'red' cubit in reference to the black and red inks used by Ahmose in the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus

 

     'black' cubit of 28 fingerbreadths or 21 units or 52.5 cm (bc)

     'red' cubit of 22 units or 55 centimeters (rc)

 

     diameter basin 10 bc or 210 units or 5.25 meters

     circumference 30 rc or 660 units or 16.5 meters

     660/210 or 22/7 for pi

 

     rim possibly 1 bc or 52.5 centimeters

     diameter rim-water-rim 12 bc or 6.3 meters

     outer circumference 36 rc or 19.8 meters

 

The combined measures allow simple formulae

 

     diameter of a circle 1 bc

     circumference 3 rc

 

     radius of a circle 1 bc

     area 1 bc x 3 rc

 

     diameter of a sphere 1 bc

     surface 1 bc x 3 rc

 

     diameter of a sphere 2 bc

     volume 2 bc x 2 bc x 1 rc

 

     side of a square 20 bc

     diagonal 27 rc

 

If the round wall of the basin was vertical and 5 bc deep or high, the capacity was 5 bc x 5 bc x 15 rc, 250 old barrels or 2,000 old buckets (English bath leaning on Hebrew bat 'bucket'), measurements given in fingerbreadths, 28 f being 21 u or 1 bc or 52.5 cm

 

     28 by 28 by 44 f   8 baths or ca. 227.4 liters   old barrel

     28 by 28 by 22 f   4 baths or ca. 112.7 liters

     28 by 14 by 22 f   2 baths or ca. 56.8 liters

     14 by 14 by 22 f   1 bath or ca. 28.4 liters   old bucket

     14 by 14 by 11 f   1/2 bath or ca. 14.2 liters

     14 by 7 by 11 f   1/4 bath or ca. 7.1 liters

     7 by 7 by 11 f   1/8 bath or ca. 3.6 liters   old jug

 

Back to the story.

 

By and by the molten sea is filled with water from the Gihon spring under the temple mound. In the evening the leaders of the 12 tribes of Israel gather around the brimful basin, commemorate Aaron and Moses in the Sinai and Negev, renew the double covenant with the Lord, praise the Lord, and quote from the speech Moses held in another night of the spring full moon: "The Lord your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude" (Deuteronomy 1:10).

 

 

 

  ---  Sh'lomo shalom  (call for peace)  ---

 

There is an undercurrent of water symbols in the Bible that becomes apparent in the light of the Göbekli Tepe and the surrounding region, once a paradise of lush meadows and groves and game galore, however, on the southern margin of the Fertile Crescent where rain became more and more scarce, and then a severe drought was followed by a heavy rain that fell for forty days and forty nights ...

 

It has been said that water management triggered civilization in China. The same holds for Asia Minor in the Neolithic 1.

 

A double formula might have named the overseer of those who work in the watery ground SAL with their right hand MAN, the ruler ShA who has the say )OG or LOG

 

     SAL MAN

     ShA )OG

 

Pronounce the smacking L given as arc ) by curving the tongue, then let its tip glide along the palate and smack into its wet bed.

 

The high age of SAL MAN is testified to by a variety of derivatives. A polished version of the double formula (mutual assimilation of the two compounds, including a shift of the aveolar to the labial stop, as in LIC lux lumen) may have accounted for Hebrew

 

     Sh'lomo

     shalom

 

naming Solomon (Sh'lomo) as overseer of the water workers who achieved peace between Judah and Israel, uniting them via his excellence in guiding water works, a position requiring knowledge in many fields and a fine balance of reasoning called wisdom. Hebrew shalom 'peace' would originally have meant: if a wise ruler has the say, peace can be achieved and maintained. Peace in the land, among the workers, between them and the ruler, between the people and the government.

 

Suleyman salem would have been the Arabic version of the double formula (also here a mutual assimilation).

 

Israel invented a clever irrigation system of dripping that is most successfully applied also in the desert of Chile, and developed a smart method of greening the Negev by fixing dunes and planting seeds in hollows where dew gathers. All available water is used effectively, and then recycled. While 70 (seventy) per cent of the water in vast Jordania evaporates unused. Why do the Arabs fight Israel instead of learning from them?

 

 

 

  ---  heavenly Jerusalem  (and a majestic river)  ---

 

Ezekiel, at the end of his book (48:30-35) describes a city called The Lord is there, a heavenly Jerusalem composed of astronomical cycles, an imaginary city within a round wall – 4,500 measures in the North, 4,500 measures in the East, 4,500 measures in the South, 4,500 measures in the West, in all a circumference of 18,000 measures.

 

Use the equations

 

     30 measures for one lunation

     64 measures for 63 days

 

and the 18,000 measures become 600 lunations or synodic months, while the diameter of the imaginary city within the big circle of the wall is practically 5,730 measures or 5,640 days or 191 lunations, based on 600/191 = 3.1413… for pi = 3.14159…, from a pi sequence

 

     6/2  (plus 22/7)  28/9  50/16  72/23  …  600/191  …

 

The side of a square inscribed in the big circle is practically 135 lunations or 3,988 days or 4,050 measures. Transform the square into a circle of the same area. The diameter measures practically 4,500 days - key number of the heavenly Jerusalem, a number composed of seven small prime factors indicating divine fertility

 

     2 x 2 x 3 x 3 x 5 x 5 x 5 = 4500

 

Start with 18,000 measures. Use 20 for 63/pi and 4/5 for the square root of 2/pi and you get exactly 4,500 days. Use a pocket calculator and you obtain 4500.1114 days, rounded 4,500 days.

 

Ezekiel was born around 622 BC in Israel. He began working there, and continued working in his Babylonian exile in Tell Abib on the Chaber River near an ancient dam. He might have been an astronomer and mathematician and maybe also a water engineer at a renowned Chaldean school. It has even been assumed that he was “one of Pythagoras’ masters” (on what basis I don’t know). In any case he was a master in handling early calculating methods, and he achieved a marvel of combined approximations in his vision of a heavenly Jerusalem, encoded in a single number, 4,500.

 

The corners of a dodecagon (regular polygon of twelve sides) inscribed in the big circle of the city wall mark the centers of the dozen gates. One side is practically 1,460 days, four regular years of 365 days, and the periphery 17,520 days, 30 Venus years of 584 days, rounded value of the actual 583,92 days. Number sequence relating side and radius of a dodecagon

 

     3/6  (plus 14/27)  1733  31/60  45/87  59/114  73/141

 

18,000 measures are the inner circumference of the wall. Count 2 days for the wall and the radius of the outer circle was 2,822 days, the side of the inscribed dodecagon practically 1,461 days, three regular years of 365 days plus one leap year of 366 days, and the periphery 48 years.

 

Back to the inner circumference of the wall. Give a gate 30 measures or one lunation. The arc of the wall from one to the next gate would then have been 1,470 measures or practically 1,447 days, and may have been divided into 510-450-510 measures or practically 502-443-502 days or 17-15-17 lunations counted in the 30 29 30 mode each.

 

30 measures for one lunation correspond to the Goebekli Tepe lunation; mistake less than one minute, or half a day in a lifetime. 1,447 days for 49 lunations are even better; mistake two seconds, or half an hour in a lifetime.

 

We can now say that Ezekiel’s mysterious wheels turning within each other – “their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel” (1:16) – were the cycles of sun and moon and Venus revolving within each other in the vision of a heavenly Jerusalem.

 

And the Gihon spring became the source of a majestic river in Ezekiel 47.

 

 

 

  ---  holy Jerusalem descending from heaven  (Revelation of John)  ---

 

The heavenly Jerusalem in the vision of Ezekiel returns in The Revelation of St. John the Divine, John of Patmos – "the holy Jerusalem descending out of heaven from God" (21:10), a city made of jewels and pearls and precious metals, hovering in a sphere of the circumference 12,000 furlongs (assuming the foursquare city was protected by a round wall, four towers marking the cardinal directions N E S W). Replace 20 furlongs by 30 measures and you have the city called 'The Lord is there' in the vision of Ezekiel.

 

Chapter 13 of the Revelation is about the beast, a dragon of the number Six hundred threescore and six. If this was the circumference of the dragon's den in the depth of the sea from where the beast emerged, we have a counterpart to the heavenly Jerusalem: circumference 666 units, diameter practically 212 and radius 106 units, according to a pi sequence

 

     3/1  (plus 22/7)  25/8  47/15  69/22  ...  333/106  ...

 

An inscribed irregular hexagon has the sides of practically 118 118 118 118 118 40 units. 118 is the number of four lunations counted in the old way, 30 29 30 29 sum 118 days. Connect the corners of the irregular hexagon with five lines of practically 196 units each and you have an open pentagram, all five lines together 980 units (divisible by the numbers of the seven heads and ten horns of the dragon), while the opening measures 40 units (again a set of close approximations). If you draw the open pentagram in a circle you can see five ‘dragon heads’ along the circumference – imagine them as heads of horned vipers, each with a pair of horns, in all ten horns; then there are two larger overlapping triangles or ‘dragon heads’ in the middle, in all seven heads.

 

The pentagram was the emblem of the Pythagoreans, and became a sign of magicians. Goethe's Faust trapped Mephistopheles with an open pentagram, while Satan tempted Jesus for 40 days in the desert.

 

Could the dragon's den go back to a now lost script by Ezekiel?

 

The heavenly Jerusalem in the Revelation needs neither candles nor the sun – divine light being woven into the geometry of the Lord's own city, in the form of closed astronomical polygons, whereas the pentagram of the devil's den is open, unstable, the dragon weaker than God, bound to lose the final war.

 

Could this have been the message of the hypothetical script by Ezekiel that would not be lost entirely but survive as echo in John's Revelation?

 

While the Gihon spring became the source of a majestic river in Ezekiel, the morning star Venus personified by an angel (144 cubits tall) showed John "a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal" (22:1). John's Revelation is the hope for a better world governed by God and Jesus (and, unfortunately, also by misogyny, although the whore and the seven women on the mountains of the dragon refer to Babylon and political powers). Water plays again an important role, on the level of symbols – fresh water vs. the salt water of the sea from where the dragon rose – and as a necessity of life.

 

We found the water issue on the Goebekli Tepe and in the Bible, from the Genesis to the Revelation, hiding in symbols or outspoken, deserving further studies in more detail.

 

 

 

  ---  acorn and oak tree  (poetic formula of the Bible)  ---

 

Big claims in the Bible can be seen as product of a realistic basis and an inherent potential. For example the Lord dividing the Red Sea for the escaping Israelites who might have found a way across a swamp owing to their knowledge of the terrain they had acquired as water engineers and water workers and saw this knowledge as a gift from above. They were a small group yet had the potential of becoming a people of 600,000. Or take the molten sea. Nobody could have made a brass basin that large and heavy – more than five meters across, more than two and a half meters deep, resting on a dozen oxen also made of brass, and filled with more than fifty thousand liters of water – as described in 1 Kings 7 and 2 Chronicles 4. The realistic basis here is a stone basin carved out of the bedrock on the temple mound of Jerusalem, partly clad with hammered brass sheet, and the inherent potential the combination of two measures of length, the common cubit of 28 fingerbreadths or 7 palms or 21 units or 52.5 centimeters (royal cubit of Egypt in the New Kingdom) and the second cubit of 22 units or 55 cm. Their combination allowed simple formulae for the calculation of the circle and sphere, and of large squares in the field. This method might have been forgotten in the time the Bible was written, yet the importance of the basin was well remembered, and turned a modest stone basin into a marvel of brass no metallurgist of the early Iron Age could possibly have achieved. My interpretation of the molten sea focuses on 1 Kings 7:23 and 2 Chronicles 4:2 and the method of combining two measures of length as inherent potential.

 

You can hold a tree in the palm of your hand – an acorn with the potential of becoming an oak tree.

 

 

 

  ---  strange markings” near Gihon spring  (honoring AC CA Hawwa Eve ?)  ---

 

Near the Gihon spring in David’s town, Jerusalem, “strange markings” have been found  acca.jpg  Archaeologists are baffled and ask for the help of the public. Well then. If we consider that Ezekiel turned the Gihon spring into the source of a majestic river, and John of Patmos into the source of the river of the water of life, both in their vision of a heavenly Jerusalem, those markings might well bear meaning. My proposition: they are signs close to an Aramaic script but arranged and rendered as a drawing: below a pair of hills, reading from right to left something like AC for an expanse of land with water, and the signs above a cloud and rain, reading something like CA possibly Cw if you go around the inscription and read the signs from left to right, CA meaning sky, together AC CA Hebrew Hawwa ‘mother of all life’ English Eve, alter ego of the fertility giver BRI GID. A further derivative of AC CA is Latin water Spanish agua. The priestess of AC CA on the Goebekli Tepe would have implored rain that fills river beds, water holes, wells and springs. Hawwa Eve would have been her descendant, and might well have been honored with an inscription near the Gihon spring, mythical source of the river of the water of life …

 

The recently discovered anchor-like symbols carved on the inside of the large dolmen on the Golan heights, about four thousand years old, might be a simpler version of the same inscription, the semi-circle (instead of a double hill) standing for the earth AC and the straight line for the sky CA in the form of rain that makes the earth fertile, also invoking the fertility of the goddess for a next life in the beyond.

 

 

 

 

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